Commonly Used Drugs Used in Alcohol Detoxification
Alcohol detoxification is essentially the sudden termination of alcohol consumption by people who suffer from alcohol addiction. This method is commonly coupled with replacement of certain prescribed medications to avoid alcohol withdrawal so as to stop alcohol abuse. Most people addicted to alcohol may suffer from cravings, which may increase the intensity of the withdrawal symptoms experienced. There are various methods that may be adopted to alleviate symptoms associated with withdrawal but there are certain drugs that are used to treat alcoholism, which are considered safe and efficient.
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The combination of Bupropion with Carbamazepine in an infusion is one of the most effective methods of alcohol detoxification. This method has shown good results but has not been approved by the FDA as treatment for alcoholism because it could cause anxiety and vomiting. The same study also showed that genes may play a role in the severity of the withdrawal symptoms. Animal studies had shown that a particular chemical in the aldosterone hormone may cause anxiety and depression. Therefore, the combination of Aldh2 and Bupropion seems to have alleviated these symptoms by controlling the levels of the hormone in the bloodstream.
Desmopresin is another commonly used method of alcohol detoxification. This combination of three prescription drugs often used to treat high blood pressure is used to treat alcoholism. This method of treatment is very effective in reducing the severity of alcohol withdrawal symptoms and reduces the chances of relapse. This combination of medicines is often used to treat the symptoms of other diseases associated with alcoholism such as irritability, insomnia, and dizziness. However, prolonged use of this combination of drugs may lead to serious side effects.
The first step in the treatment program for alcoholism involves in-patient residential treatment. The patients are required to take at least seven to 14 days off work, attend counseling sessions, and participate in group therapy. During this time they are encouraged to prepare themselves emotionally for the next phase of their alcohol detoxification. This period also called the maintenance phase. During this phase, the individual attempts to avoid alcohol as much as possible.
One of the first steps in the treatment of alcohol addiction is education and prevention. During the first step of alcohol detoxification, the patient should try to reduce their alcohol consumption to only one drink per day. It is important for them to recognize the warning signs of withdrawal such as insomnia, anxiety, and physical symptoms like nausea and vomiting. A lot of the symptoms of withdrawal stem from the brain chemicals. Therefore, it is important to get the person educated on how to recognize these symptoms.
The most commonly used drugs used in the treatment of alcoholism are benzodiazepines. This type of drug is usually used along with alprazolam. These benzodiazepines are anti-amnesiacs, which mean that they slow down the process of sleep. Because the person’s central nervous system is not fully aroused, they cannot get high on alcohol. On the other hand, a person who has taken benzodiazepines will still experience occasional feelings of anxiety and panic, but these feelings will subside after a while. These drugs are often prescribed during the alcohol detoxification process.